Chief Sponsor: Kim F. Coleman

Senate Sponsor: Todd Weiler

6     Cosponsors:
7     Justin L. Fawson
8     Adam Gardiner
9     Timothy D. Hawkes
10     Ken Ivory
Michael S. Kennedy
Karianne Lisonbee
Jeremy A. Peterson
Susan Pulsipher
Marc K. Roberts
Mike Schultz
Logan Wilde
Mike Winder

13     General Description:
14          This bill enacts provisions related to expressive activity at an institution of higher
15     education.
16     Highlighted Provisions:
17          This bill:
18          ▸     defines terms;
19          ▸     designates outdoor areas of campuses at institutions of higher education as
20     traditional public forums;
21          ▸     creates requirements for institutions of higher education related to expressive
22     activity;
23          ▸     creates a cause of action related to a violation of expressive rights at an institution
24     of higher education; and
25          ▸     enacts other provisions related to expressive activity at an institution of higher
26     education.
27     Money Appropriated in this Bill:
28          None

29     Other Special Clauses:
30          None
31     Utah Code Sections Affected:
32     ENACTS:
33          53B-27-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
34          53B-27-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
35          53B-27-201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
36          53B-27-202, Utah Code Annotated 1953
37          53B-27-203, Utah Code Annotated 1953
38          53B-27-204, Utah Code Annotated 1953
39          53B-27-205, Utah Code Annotated 1953

41     Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
42          Section 1. Section 53B-27-101 is enacted to read:

Part 1. General Provisions

45          53B-27-101. Title.
46          (1) This chapter is known as the "Campus Individual Rights Act."
47          (2) This part is known as "General Provisions."
48          Section 2. Section 53B-27-102 is enacted to read:
49          53B-27-102. Definitions.
50          As used in this chapter, "institution" means an institution of higher education listed in
51     Section 53B-1-102.
52          Section 3. Section 53B-27-201 is enacted to read:
Part 2. Campus Free Expression Act

54          53B-27-201. Title.
55          This part is known as the "Campus Free Expression Act."
56          Section 4. Section 53B-27-202 is enacted to read:

57          53B-27-202. Definitions.
58          As used in this part, "expressive activity" includes:
59          (1) peacefully assembling, protesting, or speaking;
60          (2) distributing literature;
61          (3) carrying a sign; or
62          (4) circulating a petition.
63          Section 5. Section 53B-27-203 is enacted to read:
64          53B-27-203. Expressive activities at an institution.
65          (1) An outdoor area of an institution's campus is a traditional public forum.
66          (2) An institution may maintain and enforce reasonable time, place, or manner
67     restrictions on an expressive activity in an outdoor area of the institution's campus, if the
68     restrictions:
69          (a) are narrowly tailored to serve a significant institutional interest;
70          (b) are based on published, content-neutral, and viewpoint-neutral criteria; and
71          (c) leave open ample alternative channels for communication.
72          (3) Subject to Subsection (2), an institution may not prohibit:
73          (a) a member of the institution's community or the public from spontaneously and
74     contemporaneously assembling in an outdoor area of the institution's campus; or
75          (b) a person from freely engaging in noncommercial expressive activity in an outdoor
76     area of the institution's campus if the person's conduct is lawful.
77          (4) This part does not apply to expressive activity in an area on an institution's campus
78     other than an outdoor area.
79          Section 6. Section 53B-27-204 is enacted to read:
80          53B-27-204. Cause of action.
81          (1) The following persons may bring an action in a state court of competent jurisdiction
82     to enjoin a violation of this part or to recover compensatory damages, reasonable court costs, or
83     reasonable attorney fees:
84          (a) the attorney general; or

85          (b) a person claiming that the person's expressive rights, as described in this part, were
86     violated.
87          (2) In an action brought under this part, if the court finds a violation of this part, the
88     court:
89          (a) shall enjoin the violation;
90          (b) shall, if a person whose expressive rights were violated brought the action, award
91     the person:
92          (i) at least $500 for an initial violation; and
93          (ii) if the person notifies the institution of the violation, $50 for each day the violation
94     continues after the notification; and
95          (c) may award a prevailing plaintiff:
96          (i) compensatory damages;
97          (ii) reasonable court costs; or
98          (iii) reasonable attorney fees.
99          (3) Notwithstanding Title 63G, Chapter 7, Governmental Immunity Act of Utah, an
100     institution that violates this part is not immune from suit or liability for the violation.
101          Section 7. Section 53B-27-205 is enacted to read:
102          53B-27-205. Statute of limitations.
103          (1) Except as provided in Subsection (3), an action under this part may not be brought
104     later than one year after the day on which the cause of action accrues.
105          (2) Each day that a violation continues after an initial violation, and each day that an
106     institution's policy in violation of this part remains in effect, shall constitute a continuing
107     violation of this part.
108          (3) For a continuing violation described in Subsection (2), the limitation described in
109     Subsection (1) shall extend to one year after the day on which the most recent violation occurs.